The following was found in the back of an old family Bible and is being offered for your enjoyment and wisdom.
After spending a night in solemn meditation and prayer in the lonely mountain range to the west of the Lake of
Galilee (Luke 6:12), on the following morning our Lord called to him his disciples, and from among them chose
twelve, who were to be henceforth trained to be his apostles (Mark 3:14, 15). After this solemn consecration of
the twelve, he descended from the mountain-peak to a more level spot (Luke 6:17), and there he sat down and
delivered the "sermon on the mount" (Matt. 5-7; Luke 6:20-49) to the assembled multitude.
The mountain here spoken of was probably that known by the name of the "Horns of Hattin" (Kurun Hattin),
a ridge running east and west, not far from Capernaum. It was afterwards called the "Mount of Beatitudes."
From the teachings of Jesus Christ are the Beatitudes from the Sermon On The Mount.
Three translations are offered (and grouped by verse) to assist in understanding this teaching.
Matthew 5:3-11 (King James Version) and (New Living Translation) and (The Message)
(KJV) 3 Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
(NLT) 3 “God blesses those who are poor and realize their need for him, for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
(MSG) 3 "You're blessed when you're at the end of your rope. With less of you there is more of God and his rule.
(KJV) 4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.
(NLT) 4 God blesses those who mourn, for they will be comforted.
(MSG) 4 "You're blessed when you feel you've lost what is most dear to you. Only then can you be embraced by the One most
dear to you.
(KJV) 5 Blessed are the meek: for they shall inherit the earth.
(NLT) 5 God blesses those who are humble, for they will inherit the whole earth
(MSG) 5 "You're blessed when you're content with just who you are—no more, no less. That's the moment you find yourselves
proud owners of everything that can't be bought.
(KJV) 6 Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst after righteousness: for they shall be filled.
(NLT) 6 God blesses those who hunger and thirst for justice, for they will be satisfied.
(MSG) 6 "You're blessed when you've worked up a good appetite for God. He's food and drink in the best meal you'll ever eat.
(KJV) 7 Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy.
(NLT) 7 God blesses those who are merciful, for they will be shown mercy.
(MSG) 7 "You're blessed when you care. At the moment of being 'care-full,' you find yourselves cared for.
(KJV) 8 Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
(NLT) 8 God blesses those whose hearts are pure, for they will see God.
(MSG) 8 "You're blessed when you get your inside world—your mind and heart—put right. Then you can see God in the outside
(KJV) 9 Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of God.
(NLT) 9 God blesses those who work for peace, for they will be called the children of God.
(MSG) 9 "You're blessed when you can show people how to cooperate instead of compete or fight. That's when you discover
who you really are, and your place in God's family.
(KJV) 10 Blessed are they which are persecuted for righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.
(NLT) 10 God blesses those who are persecuted for doing right, for the Kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
(MSG) 10 "You're blessed when your commitment to God provokes persecution. The persecution drives you even deeper into
God's kingdom.
(KJV) 11 Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for
my sake.
(NLT) 11 “God blesses you when people mock you and persecute you and lie about you[c] and say all sorts of evil things
against you because you are my followers.
(MSG) 11-12 "Not only that—count yourselves blessed every time people put you down or throw you out or speak lies about
you to discredit me. What it means is that the truth is too close for comfort and they are uncomfortable. You can be glad when
that happens—give a cheer, even!—for though they don't like it, I do! And all heaven applauds. And know that you are in good
company. My prophets and witnesses have always gotten into this kind of trouble.
Matthew 5:37-48 (King James Version) and (New Living Translation) and (The Message)
(Note: The Message translation paraphrases -grouping several verses together- to relay the meaning of scripture.)
(KJV) 37 But let your communication be, Yea, yea; Nay, nay: for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil.
(NLT) 37 Just say a simple, ‘Yes, I will,’ or ‘No, I won’t.’ Anything beyond this is from the evil one.
Empty Promises
(MSG) 33-37 "And don't say anything you don't mean. This counsel is embedded deep in our traditions. You only make things
worse when you lay down a smoke screen of pious talk, saying, 'I'll pray for you,' and never doing it, or saying, 'God be with
you,' and not meaning it. You don't make your words true by embellishing them with religious lace. In making your speech
sound more religious, it becomes less true. Just say 'yes' and 'no.' When you manipulate words to get your own way, you go
Teaching about Revenge
(KJV) 38 Ye have heard that it hath been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth:
(NLT) 38 “You have heard the law that says the punishment must match the injury: ‘An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.’
(KJV) 39 But I say unto you, That ye resist not evil: but whosoever shall smite thee on thy right cheek, turn to him the other
(NLT) 39 But I say, do not resist an evil person! If someone slaps you on the right cheek, offer the other cheek also.
(KJV) 40 And if any man will sue thee at the law, and take away thy coat, let him have thy cloak also.
(NLT) 40 If you are sued in court and your shirt is taken from you, give your coat, too.
(KJV) 41 If a soldier demands that you carry his gear for a mile, carry it two miles.
(NLT) 41 And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain.
(KJV) 42 Give to him that asketh thee, and from him that would borrow of thee turn not thou away.
(NLT) 42 Give to those who ask, and don’t turn away from those who want to borrow.
Love Your Enemies
(MSG) 38-42 "Here's another old saying that deserves a second look: 'Eye for eye, tooth for tooth.' Is that going to get us
anywhere? Here's what I propose: 'Don't hit back at all.' If someone strikes you, stand there and take it. If someone drags you
into court and sues for the shirt off your back, giftwrap your best coat and make a present of it. And if someone takes unfair
advantage of you, use the occasion to practice the servant life. No more tit-for-tat stuff. Live generously.
Teaching about Love for Enemies
(KJV) 43 Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.
(NLT) 43 “You have heard the law that says, ‘Love your neighbor’ and hate your enemy.
(KJV) 44 But I say, love your enemies! Pray for those who persecute you!
(NLT) 44 But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them
which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
(KJV) 45 That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the
good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
(NLT) 45 In that way, you will be acting as true children of your Father in heaven. For he gives his sunlight to both the evil and
the good, and he sends rain on the just and the unjust alike.
(KJV) 46 For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?
(NLT) 46 If you love only those who love you, what reward is there for that? Even corrupt tax collectors do that much.
(KJV) 47 And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?
(NLT) 47 If you are kind only to your friends, how are you different from anyone else? Even pagans do that.
(MSG) 43-47 "You're familiar with the old written law, 'Love your friend,' and its unwritten companion, 'Hate your enemy.' I'm
challenging that. I'm telling you to love your enemies. Let them bring out the best in you, not the worst. When someone gives
you a hard time, respond with the energies of prayer, for then you are working out of your true selves, your God-created selves.
This is what God does. He gives his best—the sun to warm and the rain to nourish—to everyone, regardless: the good and bad,
the nice and nasty. If all you do is love the lovable, do you expect a bonus? Anybody can do that. If you simply say hello to
those who greet you, do you expect a medal? Any run-of-the-mill sinner does that.
(KJV) 48 Be ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect.
(NLT) 48 But you are to be perfect, even as your Father in heaven is perfect.
(MSG) 48 "In a word, what I'm saying is, Grow up. You're kingdom subjects. Now live like it. Live out your God-created identity.
Live generously and graciously toward others, the way God lives toward you."
Matthew 6:1-4 (King James Version) and (New Living Translation) and (The Message)
Teaching about Giving to the Needy
The World Is Not a Stage
(KJV) 1 Take heed that ye do not your alms before men, to be seen of them: otherwise ye have no reward of your Father which
is in heaven.
(NLT) 1 “Watch out! Don’t do your good deeds publicly, to be admired by others, for you will lose the reward from your Father in
(MSG) 1 "Be especially careful when you are trying to be good so that you don't make a performance out of it. It might be good
theater, but the God who made you won't be applauding.
(KJV) 2 Therefore when thou doest thine alms, do not sound a trumpet before thee, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues
and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.
(NLT) 2 When you give to someone in need, don’t do as the hypocrites do—blowing trumpets in the synagogues and streets to
call attention to their acts of charity! I tell you the truth, they have received all the reward they will ever get.
(KJV) 3 But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth:
(NLT) 3 But when you give to someone in need, don’t let your left hand know what your right hand is doing.
(KJV) 4 That thine alms may be in secret: and thy Father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly.
(NLT) 4 Give your gifts in private, and your Father, who sees everything, will reward you.
(MSG) 2-4 "When you do something for someone else, don't call attention to yourself. You've seen them in action, I'm
sure—'playactors' I call them— treating prayer meeting and street corner alike as a stage, acting compassionate as long as
someone is watching, playing to the crowds. They get applause, true, but that's all they get. When you help someone out, don't
think about how it looks. Just do it—quietly and unobtrusively. That is the way your God, who conceived you in love, working
behind the scenes, helps you out.